Who is Jesus for Muslims?

“Who do you say I am?” Jesus asked his disciples this question. What would the Muslims' response be?

Lsite USCatholic note 25 mentions of Jesus in the Koran. Isa ibn Maryam, Jesus the son of Mary, ruh min Allah, the Spirit of Allah, mushia bi'il baraka, the blessed Messiah of God, kalimah min Allah, the words of Allah, rasul, the prophet. Zeki Saritoprak, professor at Ohio University and author of Islam's Jesus, was interviewed by Amy Frykholm for The Christian Century.

  • Who is Jesus in Islam?

He is one of the 5 great messengers of God. […] In Islam, as in Christianity, Jesus was born to a virgin, Mary, and had no father. But for Muslims, Jesus is neither God nor the son of God. […] His message is the Injil, the gospel. As in the Christian tradition, He works miracles and He heals.

  • What is the place of the return of Jesus in Islamic eschatology?

Some say that Jesus will literally and physically come down from heaven and wage a great battle against ad-Dajjal, the antichrist. Others understand it allegorically, which is the approach I prefer, the one that is most in the spirit of the Quran and the prophets of Islam. Some of the most interesting and productive interpretations speak of the return of Jesus as a strengthening of spirituality.

  • Why is Mary, the mother of Jesus, so important in the Quran?

Mary is the only woman whose name is mentioned in the Quran. His father and mother are mentioned as virtuous people. According to the Quran, his mother prayed to God constantly and asked Him to give her a son to be dedicated to the temple. […] In Islam, the birth of Jesus is considered a miracle and the only example in the history of mankind. Verses from the Quran say that God revealed his message to Mary, saying to be silent when people ask questions about the baby. Because of this divine revelation, some Muslim theologians consider her to be a prophet of God.

  • What is the significance of the Messiah in Islam?

The root of the word has something to do with mash, which means to touch. It has to do with Jesus who touched people to heal them. Al-Masih also refers to the eschatological role of Jesus, His coming at the end of time.

  • Why is it important for Christians to know who Jesus is to Muslims?

The similarities between Jesus in Islam, and Jesus in Christianity - for example His miracles, His birth from the virgin Mary - are perhaps more important than what divides Christians and Muslims.

  • How can inter-religious dialogue arise when some say “Jesus is not divine” and others say “Jesus is divine”? Or when Christians say Jesus' death is the focal point of faith, while Muslims say he is not dead?

Differences should be opportunities and not obstacles to dialogue. […] The common ground with Christians and the belief that what Jesus says is the truth. Even though we cannot resolve our theological conflicts in this way, we can get to know each other better and find ways to cooperate and places where we agree. In the end, we will find that we are not that different as we think we are.


source: The Christian Century

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