The underground cities of Cappadocia, refuges for the first persecuted Christians

Cappadocia, in the heart of Turkey, has always been a strategic area, a true witness to history. Invaded by the Hittites, the Assyrians, the Phrygians, the Medes, the Persians ... its inhabitants have always sought to protect and defend themselves by building incredible underground cities. Real human anthills that could accommodate more than 20000 people, animals, wells to store water or ventilation wells, food storage.

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Among others, the towns of Derinkuyu and Kaymakli bear witness to a time when Christians had to take refuge there. The city of Derinkuyu is dug 60 meters deep and has 18 levels. Archaeologists agree that persecuted Christians lived there in the XNUMXnd century and improved the defense system. They could stay there for months. Everything was brilliantly designed to protect its inhabitants, narrow sloping corridors, heavy doors impossible to move from the outside, communication system, protection against health hazards. Other rooms were dedicated to the place of worship, as evidenced by the baptistery or the crosses carved on the walls.

Recently, another underground city was discovered in the province of Nevsehir. Seven kilometers of underground tunnels and hidden churches have been discovered there. For some, the greatest archaeological discovery of 2014.

MC

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