"God, science, evidence": The dawn of a revolution?

« A little science takes away from God, but a lot brings it back » : this adage could have served as an exergue for the book-event by Michel-Yves Bolloré and Olivier Bonnassies: " God, science, evidence »(Editions Guy Trédaniel), which will be in bookstores on October 13th. " Event "Is not too strong: it is" the book that upsets our certainties " title Le Figaro Magazine which devotes its "one" and its file of the week to him (in link below).

The certainties thus shaken up are old and have aged badly : they date back to scientism which continued to grow from the XNUMXth to the XNUMXth century. From Copernicus to Freud via Galileo, Laplace and Darwin, the development of the sciences put the question of the existence of God in parentheses: " I don't need this assumption »Said Laplace to Napoleon. The current of atheistic materialist thought was based on scientific successes to exercise a growing domination in the West and it continues to this day with transhumanism which claims to ensure the salvation of humanity through technoscience.

But now this self-proclaimed almighty scientism is demolished… by science itself! This has turned around during the twentieth century, with a series of prodigious advances: the discoveries of thermodynamics, Relativity, quantum mechanics, the Big Bang theory supported by those of expansion of the Universe and its ineluctable thermal death, but also by the observations of the dizzying finesse of the "adjustment" which presided over the appearance of the Cosmos and the emergence of atoms, stars and life on Earth. This incredible scientific odyssey takes us light years away from the naive materialism that still permeates people's minds. To the benefit of the greatest number, it is difficult to follow the extraordinary development of science in the infinitely small and the infinitely large, and to grasp its trajectory in a synthetic view.

This is precisely the challenge taken up by the two authors of this essay., Master of Science and Polytechnic respectively: reconciling accessibility to a large audience and scientific accuracy, during a long survey conducted with around twenty high-level specialists (the work is prefaced by Robert Woodrow Wilson , Nobel Prize in Physics 1978 and co-discoverer of cosmological background radiation, a distant echo of the Big Bang that occurred 13,8 billion years ago).

What stake, not only intellectual but existential, can compete with the question of the existence of God? After being put in parentheses and as if abolished by "scientist" science, the book explains why this question is coming back in force with the conceptual revolution of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Because all the updated modern discoveries follow trajectories which converge towards overwhelming conclusions. We can summarize all this by saying that while 100 years ago all scientists were convinced to the contrary, there is today a scientific consensus to recognize that complex life presupposes adjustments of the laws of nature. astounding precision, statistically totally improbable, and scientists are now also unanimous in recognizing that the Universe is expanding, that it had a beginning and that it will have an end. Now if time, space and matter had a beginning and if the Universe implies a setting of such complexity, how can we not ask ourselves the question which already haunted the "wise men" (both scientists and philosophers? ) of Antiquity, of a “first principle”, of a being at the origin of everything, a transcendent, intelligent, timeless and immaterial being, whom religion calls God?

Are we then really, as the subtitle of the book says "at the dawn of a revolution"? Can we seriously come to certainties about the existence of God? The comeback of this essential question - a true epistemological reversal - is certainly only in its early stages, but on reading the book it is possible to share the optimistic reasoning of the authors who affirm at the end of their introduction : " Ultimately, God exists or not: the answer exists independently of us and it is binary. Is it yes or no. Only our lack of knowledge has been an obstacle so far. But the discovery of a bundle of converging evidence that is at the same time numerous, rational and coming from different and independent fields of knowledge, sheds new and perhaps decisive light on this question.. "

Philip Oswald 

source: Le Figaro magazine

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